Uruguay & the United Nations
Uruguay has born to independent life as a country with a strong internationalist vocation and with a clear understanding of the importance of multilateralism as a mean to achieve international peace and security.
From its earliest governments, Uruguay demonstrated a strong commitment to the various formulas and defense alliances to prevent international conflicts. In 1907 in the context of Hague Conference former Uruguayan President José Batlle y Ordoñez mentioned: “Considering that many alliances were made to impose arbitrary decisions, in future, we may well make one to impose justice." This phrase is considered by some historians, the beginning of what it would be called the international Uruguay.
It is recognized that at that moment the germ of the Uruguay’s commitment with international peace and security was born. These principles guided the Republic actions and were clearly materialized in 1945 when Uruguay signed the United Nations Charter, becoming member founder of the organization.
In his first intervention in the framework of the Security Council, Ambassador Carlos Maria Velasquez referred to the commitment of Uruguay to multilateralism and mentioned that it is a "legitimate claim" of any Member State to participate in that body. Furthermore, he highlighted that: "In the case of my country (Uruguay) also gravitate two reasons: the first one constituted by Uruguay´s international vocation, which has deep roots and that, in my opinion, is the result of our country own historical experience, an experience that demonstrates the need of ruling the world by the ideal of peaceful coexistence, by the respect of the rules of international law and moral. (…) While the classical reason of State continues to play a major role in the game of international relations, the fate of small countries will remain uncertain. "
Ambassador Velázquez's words do no more than reflect the interest of Uruguay and its commitment to multilateralism and collective defense, mainly for the small and weak countries in real terms. This concept is also clearly reflected in the speech by Dr. Payssé Reyes in the Security Council, when he said that "If the world has a legal organization, it is unacceptable that fair claims can, or should be, ensured at the price of blood, money and violence.